Tuesday, September 25, 2012

The 19th Amendment

Women’s suffrage is really a word that refers to political and reform movement aimed at extending suffrage i.e. the proper of women to vote. The origin of these movements lies in France in the 18th century (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). New Zealand was the first independent region to give women correct to vote. When New Zealand gave women correct to vote in 1893 it was by then a self governing colony. Other regions with similar reputation as New Zealand which gave women correct to vote just before New Zealand included Wyoming in 1869. Other contenders for ones first nation included Tavolara, France Ville, the Pitcairn Island, the Isle of Man and the Corsican republic (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). Even so some of these had been not independent and others had brief existence as independent states (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). Currently women’s suffrage is regarded as being a correct under the convention adopted by the united region (UN) in 1979 on a elimination of all sorts of women discrimination. Even so despite the adoption by the United Nations you'll find few nations in particular from the Middle East that still denies women the right to vote (Frost-Knappman & Cullen-DuPont, 2005).
The 19th amendment
Throughout the globe women’s suffrage has been granted in many countries always at numerous times. In quite a few countries women’s suffrage was granted previous to the universal suffrage and therefore women of ethnic social and racial classes have been still unable to vote (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). However suffrage movement was really broad it encompassed both persons with broad number of views. In Britain such as there was a major division in between the suffragists who have been looking for to produce a improve inside constitution and suffragist who have been more militia. Even so there have been also diversities on a location women (Frost-Knappman & Cullen-DuPont, 2005). Individuals who campaigned for women suffrage felt that women are naturally gentler, kinder and far more concerned around the weaker members in the society for instance children and old (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). The campaigners of women suffrage assumed that women voters would produce a civilizing effect on a politics and for that reason would support controls of some issues. They thought that although the location of women is at house they can influence the laws that impact over a women place at home. Even so there have been other campaigners who felt that both men and women must be equal in all respect and you will discover no these kinds of points as the natural role in the women (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). There have been also numerous opinions about other voters. Some folks believed that all adults are entitled to vote regardless of their ethnic social and racial class, whether male or female or regardless of whether rich or poor (Frost-Knappman & Cullen-DuPont, 2005). There have been also other those who felt how the suffrage of women was away of canceling out the votes of non white and lower class men (United States Government Printing Office, 1971).
Beginning in 1756 Lydia Taft an early forerunner in colonial united nation was allowed to vote in three town meetings of New England. Women within the United States had been the very first women to fight women suffrage. The struggle to fight for ones correct with the women to vote was started in United States in 1848 in New York at the Seneca fall convention. The activists of these movement included Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). Four years later Anthony Susan a native of Rochester of New York joined the lead to at the Syracuse convection. Activists of women suffrage asserted that black African People in the usa had been granted the franchise and there have been no provisions for them from the 14th and 15th amendments of the United States constitution. The 14th and 15th amendment on the American constitution gave equal rights of protection and equal rights to vote regardless of ethnicity, social or racial class respectively (LII/Legal Info Institute1920). The activists contended how the issue of denying some men and women the appropriate to vote basing on their social or racial classes was unjust. Early victories had been achieved during the Wyoming territories in 1869 and in Utah in 1870 (United States Government Printing Office, 1971). On the other hand women from Utah had been disenfranchised by the enactment of federal Edmunds-Tucker Act which was enacted by the us congress in 1887.The push for women suffrage movement in Utah was partially due to the fact the activists in Utah thought that after women are given the appropriate to vote they would dispose of polygamy. The united states congress disenfranchised the Utah women after they exercised their suffrage rights in favor with the polygamy that was from the region. By the end on the 19th century women from Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Idaho were enfranchised usually following the efforts of suffrage associations at the nation level (LII/Legal Data Institute1920).
Until 1920 women suffrage at national level did not exist. At the commencing in the 20th century as soon as suffrage movements were gaining popularity most activists had been getting arrested and imprisoned (Frost-Knappman & Cullen-DuPont, 2005). The suffering of women suffrage activists continued until President Woodrow Wilson in 1920 urged the united states congress to pass an amendment and this became the 19th amendment after it was ratified in 1920. Right after Woodrow Wilson a republican president Taft William the potential to vote for all men and women regardless of their ethnicity, racial or gender became a national trend and the appointment of Taft as the chief justice from the United States Supreme Court in 1921 was noticed being a watershed moment for equal pay legislation (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995).
19th amendment in the United States constitution provides the proper for all the American women the right to vote. To obtain this milestone it required a tough and lengthy struggle as well as the victory took decades of protest and agitation. Inside beginning of 19th century many activists of women suffrage movements lobbied, marched, wrote, lectured and practiced civil disobedient to attain a radical adjust inside constitution. Suffrage movements started out in 1800s once women organized picketed and petitioned to win the right to vote (Wheeler & Spruill, 1995). The straggle took many decades and their function was accomplished in 1920 once the House of Representatives followed by the senate passed and ratified the 19th amendment (Frost-Knappman & Cullen-DuPont, 2005). In 1920 Tennessee ratified the amendment and it became the 36th to ratify this amendment. Tennessee ratification of the amendment created it to pass its final hurdle of acquiring the agreement of 3 fourth from the states. Bainbridge the secretary from the nation certified the ratification within the exact same year and the electorate in the United States was changed forever (United States Government Printing Office, 1971)
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Thursday, September 13, 2012

Social Needs Essay

Gang violence is often a pressing issue and studying it would lead to a better understanding of how gangs are formed and why they grow to be violent. Gangs are hard to learn because there is no single definition of what gangs are as well as the violent behaviors which are attributed to them are varied and come in various types. As useful and worthwhile this project is, it's with due effort and perseverance that this project could come into completion. For one, the procedure of identifying target groups for the project is virtually impossible to complete mainly because gangs had been known to become secretive and invisible. Then, the notion of studying violence also is really a daunting job because it has various vantage things from which it truly is explored and finding one of the most feasible aspect that would be additional fascinating and can answer the objectives in the project will probably be a challenge. Psychology has long concerned itself with the discover of what motivates people to do the things that they do. Motivation may be the driving force of human behavior and it has been synonymous with needs and goals. 1 in the motivation theories that have been used to learn human behavior is called the achievement goal theory. The theory says that someone is motivated by the goals that he/she has set to do in addition to how they perform to reach that goal. It is composed of mastery goals, performance procedure and performance avoidance (Elliot McGregor, 2001). Mastery goals refer to intrapersonal goals like to understand , to become competent and to learn skills. Performance process refer for the desire of the person being far better than others while performance-avoidance refers on the must avoid being worse than others.

When I think of how I could finish this project and how to deal efficiently with the task, I seem towards accomplishment goal theory (Nicholls, 1984). Personally, I desire to realize gangs and why men and women associated with gangs are a lot more prone to engage in violent behavior than as individuals. The is relevant to our times over ever and I wanted to obtain a additional in-depth understanding of what it's. By doing so I would be able to derive ideas that would generate interventions and programs to your particular group I wish to learn. I could say that I am operating on goal mastery I don't want to do this project simply because I wish to be far better than others who have done the exact same find out previous to me. I also do not need to finish this project due to the fact I am afraid to be called mediocre and ineffective but mainly because I incredibly wish to find out how to do a search find out , to gain a deeper appreciation from the dynamics in gangs and to at least understand violent behaviors.

Goal mastery has far more positive implications as it would mean how the person behaves in particular methods because of much more intrinsic and own factors and it is for growth and self-actualization... 

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Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Social Issues Paper

This will focus on the find out on the answers on questions rose utilizing `Invisible Punishment` 2002 , by Mauer parts 1-4. The question to be answered was A single. Discuss three items at stake during the demonization of youth. Two. Discuss 3 things at stake within the criminalization of poverty . Three . Discuss three elements at stake in `tough on crime` policies 4. Discuss 3 points at stake in retributive versus rehabilitative punishment.


1 . Assistance interprets disturbance these kinds of points as a adjust of direction, adjust in dive and education mean a variety of elements in mobility. Discussion will note the following all of the changes in between youths . Even at the peak from the recent economic boom, little ones /youth lived in families the 2000 Census lists low money , double the level for middle-aged adults. One in four white and six in 10 black and Latino youth live in low-income households . The incomes of young families have been stagnant for 30 many years, heavily dependent on economic cycles now in downturn , even though incomes of older families rose sharply.

Confronting rampant infant poverty , a lot more interests today complain that youths have as well much cash . On consumer solutions, one-third for family members requirements , drawing frequent condemnation about teenage "affluenza " and ad-driven consumerism. No one mentions that teens account in your whopping client spending, Adults spend five times far more on gambling alone than youths do on all items from clothing to school supplies.

More than any past generation , today 's kids are much more most likely to grow up with parents who abuse drugs , get arrested, go to prison disappear, and fail to keep stable families . Far more youths assume adult roles at younger ages because adult disarray forces them to. They live with tax-defended schools and universities and huge education debts . They graduate into a program economy comprised mainly of low-wage jobs and property ownership marketplace no longer affordable for your middle class. All this really is symptomatic in the adult abandonment and intense hostility youth have grown up with over the last 15 years.

2 . Based on Criminalization of Poverty , a report published Task Force for the Homeless , you will discover a couple of varieties of laws that discriminate against the poor and homeless "Homeless" laws specially target homeless men and women and their activities "Status" laws punish men and women for their economic condition, instead of their behavior.

Many cities across the nation have homeless laws , falling into several general categories . Panhandling is restricted or banned altogether. Anti-camping ordinances prohibit sleeping on streets or in parks right after curfew or at all. And in quite a few cities, the homeless are excluded from downtown areas and places wherever they congregate. Should have no-standing zones and no-sitting areas exactly where persons may not linger You can find also this sort of arcane laws as the prohibition of public parking lot.

3 . In recent many years, various states have adopted policies under which increasing numbers of juvenile offenders are tried as adults, resulting in longer periods of incarceration , he.. 

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